Helping Appalachian Farmers Tap New Markets

November 29, 2010
ASD director Anthony Flaccavento drives a tractor during a farm tour
ASD director Anthony Flaccavento drives a tractor during a farm tour.

Gary and Cindy Laws’ journey to successful organic farming started in the tobacco fields of western Virginia’s hill country. Both raised on tobacco farms, they saw the crop’s pitfalls firsthand: a declining market, health risks associated with smoking and, most importantly to the Laws, the myriad chemicals used in tobacco production.

But, like hundreds of other farmers in Appalachia interested in tapping the organic market, the Laws family needed help learning new methods. That is where Appalachian Sustainable Development (ASD) came in, an innovative rural development nonprofit that helps about 100 former tobacco growers and others make a living off sustainably grown food.

Now, the Laws family sells produce grown on four acres to local and regional grocery stores under the Appalachian Harvest label, an ASD organic marketing program that receives SARE support.

Don Kiser, another Appalachian Harvest grower, added $6,000 to his family’s income in 2008 by growing organic bell peppers on a quarter acre. Along with technical help, fellow program members shared equipment with him, keeping his costs low.

“That was something very refreshing about ASD—they recognize that if you don’t at least make a little money on it, you can’t keep it up,” says Kiser.

This is one of ASD’s key premises: Families in the economically depressed region of western Virginia and eastern Tennessee must have an alternative to tobacco production that benefits not only the environment but also profits. So they turned to certified organics, an industry worth $1.7 billion in 2007, according to the USDA.

Appalachian Harvest, one of ASD’s two signature “field to table” programs, removes two major barriers for growers who want to sell organic produce locally—the lack of value-adding infrastructure and access to local markets, says ASD Executive Director Anthony Flaccavento.

Along with technical assistance, Appalachian Harvest handles every aspect of marketing, from processing and transportation to contracting with area supermarkets, to public outreach. ASD’s other “field to table” program, Sustainable Woods, involves buying trees from landowners who practice ecological forest management and processing the wood into high-end furniture that is sold regionally. ASD owns a sawmill, and through

Sawyer Charles Fugate working at 3.5 acre facility that includes a log yard, sawmill, two dry kilns, a millworks manufacturing facility and storage.

Sustainable Woods pays loggers 20-30 percent more for their trees than other processers would.

ASD has received two SARE grants over the years: one in 1999 to recruit interested growers and conduct an educational campaign laying the foundation for a local organics market; and another in 2008 to expand Appalachian Harvest.

Appalachian Harvest now supplies produce to seven regional and national grocery chains that represent a combined 600 stores. Last year’s sales totaled more than $500,000. With lots of unmet demand remaining, the program continues to grow.

“Our whole effort is predicated on the idea that if we can get regular people to recognize the value of locally grown produce and pay a little more for it, it’ll create a market pull for farmers to make the transition,” Flaccavento says.

View Related SARE Grants:

Topics: Business Planning, Education and Training, Farm Business Management, Farm-to-restaurant, Local and Regional Food Systems, Marketing Management, Organic Agriculture, Peppers, Sustainable Communities, Trees, Value Added, Vegetables
Related Locations: North Central, Northeast, South, West