North Central SARE Grantee-Produced Info Product
Perennial Grass Covers Affect Long-Term Soil Quality
The species composition of grassland communities is increasingly influenced by human activities, but the consequences of species changes on soil ecosystems remain poorly understood. This project investigated soil organic matter accumulations, soil respiration, and soil food webs in riparian grass filters on private farms in northern Story County, Iowa. Researchers compared soils beneath planted prairie grasses to soils beneath non-native forage grasses. Soil organic matter pools varied more between farms than among grassland types. Soil respiration rates were similar among old prairie-grass stands and long-established cool-season grasses. Soil food webs also were similar beneath the two grass types. Planting of native prairie species in filter strips is as effective as is planting non-native forage grasses, but provides greater grass production while perpetuating native species.
Three research papers associated with this project are:
"Soil Temperature, Not Aboveground Plant Productivity, Best Predicts Intra-Annual Variations of Soil Respiration in Central Iowa Grasslands" (Ecosystems, 9)
"Quantifying Fine-Root Decomposition: An Alternative to Buried Litterbags" (Ecology, 83)
"Soil respiration within riparian buffers and adjacent crop fields" (Plant and Soil, 229)
Want more information? See the related SARE grant(s) LNC00-171, Perennial Grass Covers Affect Long-Term Soil Quality.
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These products were developed with support from the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program, which is funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture-National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA-NIFA). Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed within these products do not necessarily reflect the view of the SARE program or the U.S. Department of Agriculture. USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.